CDR Sample for Biotechnology Engineers PDF: Career Episode 1
- I will discuss my engineering career episode that I did during my undergraduate studies at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University(JNTU), Hyderabad while studying towardsBachelor of Biotechnology. The project was the design of the core library for Health economics as per the requirements of the course work between May 2010 and August 2010.I worked on this project at Center for Biotechnology at JNTU HYDERABAD located in Hyderabad, Telangana, My work was to design the project, present and prepare the report so as to meet the requirements of the course work.
- Healthcare services are one of the most necessary support factors for human life in the world. Growth, evolution and diversification in this field has adopted an exponential expansion curve, with introduction of new technologies, challenging diseases and human lifestyles. In this trends, knowledge development, transfer, access and storage becomes an important tool in the sector players. Such sources of skill and knowledge as books, journals, bibliographic databases and relevant health economics websites are currently the main ways of dissemination and growth for the sector that is majorly comprised of policy making agencies, training institutions and practitioners. In these project, I have analyzed the current technologies, electronic resources, print media and databases that make up the total knowledge collection for a core library development.
- I purposed this undertaking: to develop a state of the heart core library with listing of the books, journals, bibliographic databases and relevant websites; to constitute experts and assemble a team of professionals in both academic and knowledge management sectors that will deliver the necessary learning materials for learners, developers of health care solutions, vendors, policy makers and practitioners in this field; to define the scope of health economics, its composition, function, dynamics and implications in the society; to find out the means and ways of developing health economics technologies, systems and apparatus with close focus on cost-benefit characterization; to calculate the immediacy index and impact factors for each of the collection, in order to prioritize the purchasing and budgetary constraints and to rank the materials in order of relevancy and desirability.
- As the project coordinator, I was tasked with the following profile of activities, duties, responsibilities and roles, during the core library development process.
- Analysis of the healthcare sector players in the current world, their functions, mandate, objectives and value addition in the chain of health care solutions development
- Assemblage and constitution of professionals, experts and practitioners teams to deliver the necessary collection of learning materials for the library.
- Design and modeling of the core library by utilizing the available human, information and communication resources
- Planning and optimization of the core layout of the health economics library by ranking the materials in order of impact and immediacy.
- Safety and quality assurance of the health economic library with a final documentation of the project work undertaken.
- Personal Engineering Activity
- For adequate preparation, I downloaded and reviewed the ISO 639-2/5 codes on naming/representations, ISO/DIS25577 standards on information documentation, METS/ALTO digital library standards, EDTF and MODS resource description formats. From these standard codes, I noted several requirements for the core library under consideration, which I purposed to include in the development. I then organized and held budgetary discussions with the management, from where I got the clear picture of the expected outcomes from the project. I also consulted with several experts and professionals on the general overview at different times and got useful techniques, to get me started.
- Afterwards, I collected a wide range of data on the methods of designing, optimizing operations and establishing an effective health economic library. I sourced these statistics from manuals, datasheets and user guides for various knowledge acquisition solutions. I also interviewed several of the intended users of the facility to establish the kind of knowledge that would solve their problem, in a more effective manner. Most important of all, I analyzed existing health economic libraries across a wide range of players in the health care sector and their economic contributions.
- With this information at hand, I begun the design work by constituting a team of academic staff with professional researchers, scholars and professors in equal numbers. I then assembled another team of librarians in a pool of experienced managers in different libraries, sampled from multi-functional institutions (policy makers, training, solution developers and practitioners). I tasked the two teams with roles of drawing and pooling together their ideas on the best and optimum ways of conducting the research and establishing the core library, considering the factors tabled below.
|IMPACT FACTOR||IMMEDIACY INDEX|
|1.||List of core books||<500|
|2.||List of core Journals||<1523 p.a.|
|3.||List of core bibliographic databases||Approx. 300|
|5.||Desired journals||<1523 p.a.|
|6.||Desired bibliographic databases||>=0|
- I calculated the impact factors and immediacy factor for each of the above listed item, using the following mathematical relation.
he ranking criterion for the materials suggested, edited the procedure for approval in two rotations of discussion and approval by the two teams to increase efficiency and to ensure error free, fully inclusive core library for health economics. I also computed the costing for the different categories of items and drew the budget line for the implementation based on the prioritization criteria for different organizational applications. To prepare the bill of quantities, I costed the materials using the approximated prices for different items and subscription fees for journals per year, using the following formula.
Where C= cost and T, B, J, D, W denote total, books, journals, databases and website respectively.
- After the design of the core library, I derived a bill of quantities and carried out a survey, to compare the established composition with other libraries, that I had analyzed during the collection of data and information. I outlined the discrepancies in these facilities with most of the new materials included in the core health economics library and some older editions absent, which was within the range and limits of design. Afterwards I studied several structural layouts and recommended the best environment and structural outlook, partitioning, capacity and arrangement of the designed library.
- As the coordinating head of the project, I had to solve several challenges such as classifying and prioritizing bibliographic databases. Most of the renowned databases contained a wide range of materials that were not specific to health economics. I solved this challenge by including a database administrator in the team, to audit the materials, query and provide to the technical teams, all the information requested. This proved highly successful with analysis of more than 10 composite databases that we ranked and prioritized in the listing.
- I had to make good use of computer aided design. The SQL language was the main language used to code the databases and thus the access, analysis and composition of data. I carried this task using this machine interface tool. Most of the website content required HTML, JAVA and PHP web coding languages in order to access and analyze. I installed and used these languages in my PC to gather enough information and data for the project from relevant websites.
- Innovative techniques and procedures that I introduced in this health economics library, included the use of online databases for e-library service, that can be accessed anywhere anytime by the registered library users. I ensured specialization of skills and integration of experience with academic research to create holistic library for multi-faceted users in both academia and field practice. Prioritization of the resources assisted in meeting the budget limits for the project while retaining a room for scaling up.
- Most importantly, I documented the project in a booklet, where I outlined the procedures followed in establishing the final facility, strengths and weaknesses in the design process for different application scenarios, all the books and their authors, journals (mostly electronic journals), bibliographic databases and relevant websites. I also made the costing and budgets for setting up different scales of the health economics library or including sections for this branch of social science in the medicine libraries.
- Team work and team spirit were key factors, ensuring smooth running and easy execution of the various tasks. I maintained constant meetings and discussions with the management, updating them on weekly progress and controlling the flow of budget. I also consulted widely with the two teams (academic and librarian teams), on technical issues that emerged in the process of the research, design and development of the core library.
- Economic decisions constituted a greater part of the project, with tradeoffs between quality and cost, quantity and time or subscription versus creation/ purchase. I considered using procurement of the materials from a single vendor to gain the economies of scale while aggressively bargaining for reduction of costs. I also prepared a budget that was scalable in future, to cater for new technologies that users may want to learn about or inventions of new procedures that operators would like to adopt and thus becoming a necessary material for the library.
- Some of the management skills that I utilized to arrive at the final project goals included: use of labor division and specialization, with sectioning based on academic knowledge and experience in the field, which tapped the full potential and provided best materials for present and future prospective professionals in these fields. I made regular evaluations of the project using the PERT techniques and planned the project in network charts for procedural execution and coordination.
- I kept my project appraisal techniques and skills at par with logical and numerical capability requirements of the project, by taking up regular trainings in internal sessions and seminars. I also made provision to invite highly experienced persons in the health care policing, to give contributions on interrelated matters, to the technical committees that would consider incorporating these ideas in the design process.
- Safety remained paramount and conduct defined by societal code with high levels of professionalism, throughout the project development. I made sure of computer security by installing antiviruses and activating the firewalls whenever accessing the internetworked databases. I also provided the necessary working tools with safety regulations and proper handling procedures to the execution teams, making sure the code of conduct was adhered to, as defined in the professional society.
- In conclusion, I made a core library for health economics that was highly holistic in composition and style. I assembled two teams (academic committee and librarians’ consortium) for this purposes, each with diversely experienced persons in their respective fields. I designed the categorization criteria based on immediacy index and impact factors, for both desired and core material sources. I included database access for electronic library sources and documented the whole project in a final report that I presented to the management for implementation. I also drew all the budgeting for the project cycles, tools and materials that I used to procure the necessary materials. Most important of all, were the economic decisions that I made to balance quality and price.
CDR Sample for Biotechnology Engineers PDF: Career Episode 2
- My second narrative will be the discussion of my project that I did when I was the Biotechnology student at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University(JNTU), Hyderabad. The project was the study of the health aid donor proliferation between June 2011 and December 2012.I handled the project at center for the Biotechnology within the university. The university is among the best universities and it is locatedin Hyderabad, Telangana, India. I did the project in order to fulfil the requirements of the university.
- Low and middle income countries are highly reliant on donors for social welfare, health, sustainability, economic growth and development across various sectors. In exchange to these benefits, donors aim to promote business interests and image of their home countries, while promoting certain global policies. In the health sector, these aids may be dedicated to specific diseases and health needs but will always be influenced by political interests of the recipient agencies. The trends in donor behavior such as proliferation, leveraging and withdrawal from a particular concentrated effort, is also determined by interrelated factors. In this project, I have identified a suitable case study, analyzed and inferred the response of governments, recipient and donor agencies on proliferation of donors in the health sector, for low and middle income countries.
- The main objective in this project was to investigate the response of donor agencies and governments in the chosen area, with respect to donor proliferation in aiding heath sector. I aimed at evaluating the cause and course of entry of donors, to study the key themes and interactive factors leveraging the proliferation, to examine the donor withdrawal causes effect and implications on the population health and general economic performance. I had to find out the specific areas of donor aid and evaluate the interest of donors versus those of the government. Most importantly, I had to study the government policy effectiveness in control and in performance of the health aids, and to evaluate the harmonization, ownership, limitation and alignment of the donor proliferation phenomena.
- In the process of project execution, I was assigned the following roles and responsibilities by the SCDI (Centre for Supporting Community Development Initiative) in partnership with Griffith school of health.
- Create an interviewee sample with key informants from government departments, civil society and donor agencies composed of persons with wide experience in donor related works
- Identify the research methodology that most suits the population in a qualitative and retrospective manner.
- Study the population sample and hypothesize the results with concrete conclusion on the effect of donor proliferation in the health aid
- Derive key themes from informant responses for the trends and behavior of donors in the entry, leveraging and withdrawal stages
- Design the course of the study and document the findings for future reference
- Personal Engineering Activity
- To prime myself properly in order to execute this project, I held a meeting with the research management committee from where I gathered several guidelines, areas of interest for the project and timelines for completion of the various phases of the project. I then conducted a search for standard codes where I identified the ISO 10001:10012, TR10013 and compared them with statistical techniques for ISO 9001:2000, from where I derived specific requirements for quality management and policy monitoring methodologies that I decided to incorporate in this study.
- Since this project required enormous amount of data in order to execute, I decided to collect these raw facts from sources such as donor and recipient organization documents (financial statements and funding proposals), I also collected much information from published literature for interrelated research works carried out by different scholars for various functions. I then made triangulation of the key informant interview responses to establish enough information for the study.
- Thereafter, I designed the procedure for carrying out this project by outlining the flow of processes in a flow chart as illustrated in figure 1.
To select a suitable case for this project, I considered characterizing the behavior of donor and recipient agencies into entry, funding increase, leveraging, decrease and exit, which would give a clear and complete description of possible mechanisms that can be employed in health sector to proliferate donors for aid with almost accurate prediction of their behavior, and thus the ability to control them. I sampled several cases and identified the Vietnam as an ideal case, since it suited the interest and experienced the five behavioral characteristics of donors and recipient.
- In order to clearly sample the cases, I made various calculations from statistics collected for the various cases, on percentages of donors and recipient organization in each case, behavioral change period and rate of entry or exit, using the following mathematical models.
Where p.d= percentage of donor organizations, D= number of donors, R=number of recipients this was a measure of competition.Where T= behavioral change period, t1= time when donors start a certain behavior and t2 time when that behavior changes. This would measure the effectiveness of tools employed to influence donor behavior.
- I then identified the key themes in this study, including the multiplicity of government recipient agencies, High competition amongst the donors and government aid control measures (effective policies and favorable laws made to influence donations.) I also designed the statistical models and hypothesis in order to fully analyze the data collected, from where I made the final inference on the donor and recipient agency responses for the case under consideration. In order to determine the rates of entry or exit for donors, I made calculations for various times during the period of proliferation, using the following formula
Where, r= rate of entry (positive) or exit (Negative), D1= Initial number of donors and D2=final number of donors after the period of consideration.
- After the design and experimentation of this case study, I analyzed the statistic, considering harmonization of the donor competition landscape as a key interest of the government, Alignment of multiple government units such as ministries of health, planning and finance, ownership of bargaining power between the government and the donor agencies, disjuncture in policy effectiveness and real aid practice in the health sector and more so strengths and limitations of this project findings on the proliferation of the donors in health sector, where the strengths weight heavier than the limitations.
- I faced several challenges in the process of executing this project, including the failure by key contributors and potential interviewees to respond to the questionnaires either due to changes in employment priorities where some persons had transferred from one institution to another. I solved these challenges by calling these interviewees and engaging them in the questionnaires. Giving facts versus adhering to interests of the employer (donor or recipient organizations) was also a challenge in data collection. This I solved by guarding the interviewee from liabilities thereof, and assuring confidence of the information given.
- I made use of several software, computer and network tools to execute the project, I utilized financial management systems i.e. XL-Reporting and DELTEK solutions in various agencies to gather data for financial statements, accounting and auditing documents for various donations received or paid to the organizations and how they were spending. I also got information on the budgets and expenditures of government agencies involved the health aids.
- Some innovative procedures that I used to execute the project included the use of systematic sampling procedure in establishing the interviewee sample, where I grouped the population into cases depending on their donor behavioral characteristics (entry, exit and control), from where I selected the most suitable case. I then made the specific interviewee sample constituting of diversely experienced persons in donor and recipient, government and non-government agencies. Afterwards I composed the questionnaire to capture the specific information.
- Documentation of this project was equally an important phase of the project. I wrote the final report outlining the case selection criteria, interviewee sample, questionnaires and their answers. I then gave a detailed analysis of the collected data using the statistical methods and calculations, outlined the main themes and made the conclusion. More so, I prepared slides for presentation that I used to explain to the management, the processes, strengths and limitations of this case study for consideration in donor proliferation undertakings.
- Team work was the core ideology to successful completion of the project. Consulting with donor and recipient officers to secure time for the interview, and striking a balance on sourcing the accurate information versus employment conditions, required high standards of negotiation and cooperation. I also interacted with, and concentrated the efforts of the team members towards achieving the same objective by making them accountable to their progress.
- Some of the economic choices and decisions that I had to make, included using internet based approach, to source information from sparsely displaced officers in different geographic regions of the country, other than travelling for a face to face conversation. I also ensured least cost for analysis by deriving questionnaires that were objective based and specific to the study interest.
- To ensure enough premises for assertion, I had to apply several project management skills and techniques, where I made schedules and lists of materials needed to accomplish the project. I used weekly reporting to monitor project progress in terms of targets achieved. Most importantly, I made great use of network charts and PERT techniques to manage the processes and methods of data collection and analysis.
- I gained a wide range of knowledge and skills by attending trainings on research methods, on seminars organized internally by management, as well as taking courses for specific parts of the project. I also generated enough knowledge for use in future by scholars interested in the field of health management and or economics with bias on donor proliferation.
- Ethical codes of conduct, however different for diverse institutions, strive for standards in equitable terms of interaction between parties. I observed these codes by making sure all the information sourcing was legal and project execution took necessary measures to guard intellectual property rights, by doing my own work. I also secured the persons involved in the interview from employment obligations/liabilities, in order to acquire accurate information.
- In summary, I analyzed the cases with extreme transient donor proliferation behaviors and made selection for the most suitable study case (Vietnam), sampled interviewee groups amongst the health sector players, who were actively involved in the health aid sourcing and budgeting. The analysis established that government policies, though effective for donor competition, were ineffective in practice. I made discussion on the key themes and drew concrete inferences with strengths and limitations of using this information in influencing behavior of donors. I observed safety and ethical codes of conduct related to the project and ensured originality of the study.
CDR Sample for Biotechnology Engineers PDF: Career Episode 3
- In my last career experience, I will narrate the project that I handled during my final year of the study towards Bachelor of Biotechnology at Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University(JNTU). The project name was the “technologies and approaches for prevention of Non-communicable diseases (NCDs)”. I did this project at the center of Biotechnology at JNTU), Hyderabad situated at Hyderabad, Telangana, I worked on it between May 2012 and August 2012.Since this was my final year project, I was required to do the presentation in front of the faculty members and produce the final report.
- Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as; cervical cancer, breast cancer, obstructive pulmonary disease – chronic (COPD), asthma and diabetes have deadly effects (kidney failure, heart attacks and strokes) that can easily end the life of such a patient. Middle and Low Income Countries (MLIC) are the most affected populations due to lack of cost effective and efficient technologies/approaches, insufficient prevention tools and management methods and more so poor self-care due to poverty, ignorance and illiteracy. In this project, I develop solutions for intervention in these scenarios and find means of costing the implementation of the strategies. These will guide the MLICs to achieve the global plan and worldwide agenda on equitable health care, social justice and balanced health services facilitation by physicians.
- The main objective in this project is to design and develop technologies, tools and approaches for early detection, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of non-communicable diseases in middle and low income countries. I purposed to provide guidelines for referring cervical and breast cancer patients in a primary health care facility. Strategizing the management of COPD and asthma was equally an important target. I had to consider deriving approaches for diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and to reduce risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, by providing an individualized assessment and control pocket aid. Necessary also, was to evaluate self-care strategies, means and guide tools that lower NCDs and lastly to scale up the fight.
- My roles, responsibilities and tasks in this project varied widely and included the following;
- Strategize the referral approaches for suspected patients with cervical and or breast cancer in a primary health care facility
- Design the cost-effective tools, equipment and management methods for primary health care facilities with possible medicines for NCDs
- Provide methodologies and clear procedures for accelerating action against NCDs with costing tools and guidelines for implementation
- Prepare question based procedures for self-care strategies that boost the fight against non-communicable diseases.
- Document the project work undertaken in both a hard copy and compact disk stored soft copy, with details on each of the project frames
- Give essential intervention measures for effective utilization of the technologies and approaches derived therein.
- Personal Engineering Activity
- To prepared myself to execute out this project, I reviewed the ISO 13485 codes for quality management of medical facilities and complemented them with ISO/TC/283 for safety regulation and assurance in primary health care facilities. I also read widely on health systems policing, management and facilitation for medical centers with a keen focus on economic factors favoring health-care. Most importantly, I consulted with management for guidelines, time scheduling and objectivity, from where I clearly defined the scope and expectations of the project.
- I started collecting data and analytically deriving relevant information for use in the design and implementation of the project. I sourced budget allocations for heath ministries and related health care agencies in several sampled middle and low income countries. From the data on population sizes in these countries and income distribution, I derived the affordability approximations for primary health care facilities, and the availability of such service to the economically disadvantaged proportion of the population. From World Health Organization data on electronic sources, I computed the non-communicable disease infection rates and risk assessment factors.
- Afterwards, I engaged deeply in design work for the project by conceptualizing the flow of various processes and function distribution as illustrated in figure 1.
From this conceptualization, I proceeded serially, starting with primary health care, where I designed smart charts for guiding the process of referring women, suspected of breast and cervical cancer in a primary facility, made strategies for assessment/management and diagnosis of asthma and COPD in a primary medical facility, created the health education and counseling procedures, channels and monitoring tools. I then designed and specified essential tools and technologies for prevention of NCDs with a listing of core medicines for primary treatment. During this design phase I made calculations for the medical technologies measurement of immunity by using Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) model below
- Afterwards, I made implementation tools and guidelines for diagnosis/management of type 2 diabetes, with specific procedures for neuropathy, blindness prevention, hyper/hypo-glycaemia control and prevention of limb amputations. I made risk factor assessment and management pocket aid, and specified methodologies for prevention of cardiovascular disease and asthma, with respective database search strategies for self-care. I then provided methods and costing tools for scaling up fight against NCDs.
- I had to calculate and specify limits of evaluation for obesity, using the body mass index which would usefully be utilized to diagnose hypertension as modeled below.
- After designing these procedures, I derived a simple table for apparatus that would be required in a cost-wise sensitive primary health care facility, which included technologies (blood glucose and pressure devices, urine protein and ketone test strips, thermometers, stethoscopes, flow meters and weighing machine), tools (prediction charts, patient records, audit tools and referral charts) and medicines (insulin, furosemide, amoxicillin, oxygen etc.). I also computed the costs of implementation of these population based intervention approaches for fighting NCDs in MLICs.
- I had to solve challenges that occurred during the project execution lifecycle. Some of these included drawing a clear boundary for MLICs for effective approaches, a challenge I easily solved by using percentages of national incomes based on approximation for data I had collected. Disparities in domestic incomes also provided challenges in drawing concrete specification of a poor proportion of the population. I solved these by making specific technologies and approaches with ranges that captured these populations almost accurately.
- Computer networks, software tools and packages were highly instrumental in ensuring easy access of important information and in simulating the systems. I made use of the CENTRAL (Cochrane central register of controlled trials) database to collect self-care information and design interrelated tool aids. I also used MEDLINE (medical literature analysis and retrieval system) to gather relevant bio-informatics and retrieve data for use in the derivation of appropriate technologies/approaches.
- Innovation was a basic requirement and a key success factor in this project. I introduced the use of online applications for mobile devices to assist in health education, counseling and self-care guidelines. These were appropriate technologies for population based intervention measures especially for middle income countries where most people own cheap internet enabled mobile devices. I also made costing tool aids to assist in approximating the prices for setting up primary health care facilities and treatment charges, for most common NCDs.
- I documented the technologies and approaches that I had researched with details on primary care diagnosis, management and facilitation essentials, implementation guidelines/tools for most common NCDs, referral charts for cancer patients, self-care methodologies with emphasis on mobile internetwork databases for education and guidance, costing and scaling up fight against NCDs and more so standardized, specific budgets for the various technologies. I made a compact disk softcopy of the documentation with animations for implementation guidelines and simplified tools for reference.
- Team work was a necessary tool that I capitalized on. I worked with diverse personnel in different fields to get specific solutions for the different facets of this project. Making consultations with management to source resources for this project, negotiating with health care agencies to source data and information for incomes and health care facilitation in various parts of the world, maintaining a team spirit amongst the members and ensuring adherence to timelines, was a breathtaking experience and rewarding exercise I could not have achieved alone.
- Economic choices and decisions were most frequent in the processes of establishing the foundation and frame work of this technological approaches. I meant to use data available in free source databases to reduce the costs of acquiring firsthand information, from wide geographical distributions of population. I also made provisions to emulate the real implementation over networks and distributed control systems, to optimize the efficiency thereof. Deriving the composition of tools, technologies (devices) and medicines for economically leveraged incomes was a useful economic aid to users of these approaches.
- I applied project management techniques widely and in depth, to coordinate, organize and control the phases of development in this project. I made simple table based reporting formats for composing the weekly reports, capturing the targets and task accomplishment, which gave full details on progress reporting. Integrating Gantt and network charts for evaluation and planning of the project was also useful in ensuring timely delivery.
- Training specifically on economics of health care facilities and electronic solutions for simple clinics, was a huge boost for the skills I used to deliver the goals of this project. I applied the theory and practical skill learned in class in appropriate sessions to deliver optimized solutions for the various stages of development. Opportunities for exchanging ideas and thoughts with other professionals within and without my field added value to my research skill and knowledge too.
- Safety and ethics was a paramount consideration. I adhered to intellectual property rights by doing my own work and referencing any foreign material aids that assisted in the project delivery. I provided medical laboratory PPEs in the appropriate environments during research and made approaches that were within the ISO safety regulations/limits. Computer safety and security was also necessary when handling delicate data on financial systems, that I ensured by utilizing firewalls to prevent malicious programs from infecting data.
- In a short description, I designed, planned and derived technologies and approaches to intervene the gap between low income and health care assess for non-communicable diseases. I collected data on primary care and made simplified costing tools for approximating the setup costs of a simple clinic for non-communicable diseases. I carried out all the necessary calculations to establish detection thresholds for most of the non-communicable diseases, provided their diagnosis procedures (both in individualized and population interventions), documented the project in hard and soft copies for future reference, and ensured all the standards and safety rules that pertained to these technologies and approaches.
SUMMARY STATEMENT FOR PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER
|Competency Element||A brief summary of how you have applied the element||Paragraph in the career episode(s) where the element is addressed|
|PE1 KNOWLEDGE AND SKILL BASE|
|PE1.1 Comprehensive, theory-based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the engineering discipline||a) I worked on the core areas of my projects following all the standards, codes and objectives to design my work which clearly showed my understanding of the fundamental knowledge in the Engineering theories, Physical science and natural science.||CE1.5, CE1.7, CE1.8, CE1.9,
CE2.5, CE2.7, CE2.8, CE2.9, CE2.10,
CE3.5, CE3.7, CE3.8
|PE1.2 Conceptual understanding of the mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics and computer and information sciences which underpin the engineering discipline||a) I utilized softwares for design optimization that improved my projects.
b) I did various mathematical calculations that were paramount in coming up with projects specifications.
c) I leveraged on the information that I collected to implement my projects in Biotechnology.
|PE1.3 In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the engineering discipline||a) I used my knowledge in Biotechnology to design various engineering projects.
b) I used my knowledge in the use of Engineering softwares that helped me in implementing my projects.
|PE1.4 Discernment of knowledge development and research directions within the engineering discipline||a) I participated in trainings to update my knowledge during the implementation of my projects.
b) I researched on the basic projects information from the start before committing myself.
c) I researched for the best solution when I encountered problems in my projects.
|PE1.5 Knowledge of contextual factors impacting the engineering discipline||a) I played the role or team leader because I was the person who conceptualize the project
b) I understood the impacts of not using the language understood at university therefore I worked with English.
c) I avoided safety hazards by following recommended safety precautions.
|PE1.6 Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of contemporary engineering practice in the specific discipline||a) I did my projects as per the international standards.
b) I planned myself well by having the projects objectives in place from the start.
c) I was able to manage my projects well using my skills in project management.
|PE2 ENGINEERING APPLICATION ABILITY|
|PE2.1 Application of established engineering methods to complex engineering problem solving||a) I used research as the best method of finding solution to the challenges that I encountered.
b) I valued teamwork in my projects because it was the best way of solving complex problems through ideas sharing.
c) I followed the international standards and codes in implementing my projects for acceptability.
|PE2.2 Fluent application of engineering techniques, tools and resources||a) I applied my engineering techniques to ensure safety was in place while working on my projects.
b) The engineering tools that I used for optimization was the engineering softwares
c) I applied my techniques in data management to collect important information that I used in my projects
|PE2.3 Application of systematic engineering synthesis and design processes||a) I started my design process by preparing the project’s objectives to understand the scope.
b) I used Biotechnical softwares to implement my projects as per the specifications.
c) I collected the data that I used as the basis of my designs
|PE2.4 Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of engineering projects||a) I always considered cost elements in my projects because it could have impact the project implementation negatively.
b) I used my skills in project management to ensure everything went on very well.
c) I managed my projects by avoiding any variance and deviations by following standards and codes
|PE3 PROFESSIONAL AND PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES|
|PE3.1 Ethical conduct and professional accountability||a) I have always made safety compliance in my work place a priority.
b) I have always followed the standards and codes in my projects as the best way to be compliant.
c) As an ethics person, I conducted myself by respecting members of my team and anyone who played important roles in my project.
|PE3.2 Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains||a) I have written and presented various engineering documents in well understandable language.
b) I communicated well during the meetings held at various stages of my projects.
|PE3.3 Creative innovative and proactive demeanor
|a) I have always used the best approach in solving the problems that I encountered in my line of duty.
b) I applied innovative approaches in implementing my projects.
c) I have always used the latest Technology like softwares to complete my projects on time.
|PE3.4 Professional use and management of information||a) I am proficient in data collection and the use of this information for the success of my projects.
b) I reviewed the projects details before the implementation.
|PE3.5 Orderly management of self, and professional conduct||a) I have always improved my skills during implementation of my projects by upgrade my technical knowledge
b) I have always managed myself by documenting important occurrences in my projects.
|PE3.6 Effective team membership and team leadership||a) I led and I was part of the team of technical persons who handled my projects.
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